The Metamorphosis, written in 1912, is one of Kafka’s masterpieces. It talks about Gregor Samsa. One morning, when he woke up, he found himself transformed into a gigantic insect. At first, his parents and sister were filled with compassion and they cared for him. But at last, they regarded him as a burden, leaving him alone. In the end, he died in loneliness quietly. From my point of view, The Metamorphosis is the immortal classic in the modern literature history.
First of all, the tragedy of Gregor Samsa is just the epitome of Kafka himself. In his whole life, he lived just like an insect. He can’t realize his dream because of the poor situation, and he didn’t have possession of love. So he thought he was small and had no confidence. While in his work, The Metamorphosis, Gregor Samsa might be a kind of distorted hopelessness. He was a giant created by a lifelong loneliness. So we can see a picture of Kafka.
Besides, Kafka expressed his accusation the distorted values of people and questioned the human nature. Gregor Samsa once supported his family, but when he transformed into an insert, his family started to disgust him with the time going, and even detest him in the end, hoping that he could die earlier with a disdainful eyes. How selfish、indifferent and cruel they are!
Lastly, Kafka criticized the capitalist society. In the early 21 century, the World War 1 happened. The inhumanity and slaughter can be seen everywhere. Money worship as well as the labor press is the source of distorted humanity and values of people. So The Metamorphosis can reflect the society at that time.
We can draw the conclusion that there is some philosophy in The Metamorphosis, which is the reason that why it is classic in the modern literature history.